Sal and Teak trees – IAS Synopsis
The Sal tree (scientific name Shorea robusta), belongs to the plant family Dipterocarpaceae. It is native to the Indian subcontinent, ranging south of the Himalaya, from Myanmar in the east to Nepal, India and Bangladesh. In India, Sal trees are found in Assam, Bengal, Odisha and Jharkhand west to the Shivalik Hills in Haryana, east of the Yamuna, as well as in the Eastern Ghats, the eastern Vindhya and Satpura ranges of central India.
There are many protected areas, such as Chitwan National Park, Bardia National Park and Shuklaphanta National Park, where there are dense forests of huge sal trees. It is also found in the lower belt of the Hilly region and Inner Terai.
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