Partition of India – IAS Synopsis

Excerpt/ Sample:

With the Independence Act of 1947, India was declared independent of the British rule but was also divided into two independent dominions of India and Pakistan. The partition involved the division of two provinces, Bengal and Punjab, based on district-wide non-Muslim or Muslim majorities.

In March 1940, M.A. Jinnah gave a speech at the Muslim League’s Lahore session, which gave rise to the two – nation theory. On the last day of its session, the League passed the Lahore Resolution, also known as “Pakistan Resolution,” demanding that “the areas in which the Muslims are numerically in the majority as in the North-Western and Eastern zones of India should be grouped to constitute independent states in which the constituent units shall be autonomous and sovereign.”



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