High Courts – IAS Synopsis
The institution of high court originated in India in 1862 when the High courts were set up at Calcutta, Bombay and Madras. The Constitution of India provides for a high court for each state, but the Seventh Amendment Act of 1956 authorised the Parliament to establish a common high court for two or more states or for two or more states and a union territory.
At present (2019), there are 25 high courts in India. Articles 214 to 231 in Part VI of the Constitution deal with the organisation, independence, jurisdiction, powers, procedures and so on of the high courts.
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