Biodiversity Hotspots – IAS Synopsis
Biodiversity hotsposts are biogeographic regions important for biodiversity conservation as they not only have a rich biodiversity but they are also threatened with destruction. The term “biodiversity hotspot” was coined by a British biologist, Norman Myers in 1988.
Criteria for classification of a region as a “Biodiversity Hotspost”
Species endemism : The region must contain at least 1,500 species of vascular plants (> 0.5% of the world’s total) as endemics (The species that exist only in one geographic region).
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